很遗憾,因您的浏览器版本过低导致无法获得最佳浏览体验,推荐下载安装谷歌浏览器!

What is stainless steel?

2016-03-15  From: Gaoyao Haoran metal products Co. Ltd. Browsing times:318

Stainless Sales Corporation offers a wide range of austenitic and ferritic grades in stainless steel flat rolled coil.


We’ve compiled extensive information about stainless steel grades and how they compare with one another. We hope this helps you make an informed decision when selecting stainless steel for your application.


HOW TO SELECT A GRADE

Stainless steels are engineering materials with good corrosion-resistance, strength and fabrication characteristics. They can readily meet a wide range of design criteria, including load, service life and low maintenance. Selecting the proper stainless steel grades involves weighing four qualities in the following order of importance:


Corrosion or Heat Resistance, the primary reason for specifying stainless. The specifier needs to know the nature of the environment and the degree of corrosion or heat resistance required.

Mechanical Properties, particularly strength at room, elevated or low temperature. The combination of corrosion resistance and strength is the basis for selection.

Fabrication Operations and how the product will be made (e.g., forging, machining, forming, welding, stamping, roll forming, four-slide operations).

Total Cost, including material and production costs and considering the cumulative savings of a maintenance-free product with longevity.

The corrosion, heat resistance and mechanical properties are all affected by the chemical composition of the stainless steel. As the composition of the steel is varied, so are the properties. The major alloying elements of stainless steel include:


Chromium

Forms a passive surface film to make stainless steel resistant to corrosion.

Increases the scaling resistance, tensile strength and wear resistance.

Manganese

Improves hot-working properties.

Up to 2% has no effect on strength, ductility and toughness.

Above 2% increases yield strength and tensile strength (as in the 201 grade).

Important as a partial replacement of nickel in the 201 grade.

Stabilizes the austenitic structure.

Molybdenum

Increases creep resistance; strength at high temperatures; and corrosion resistance, particularly in sulfite, sulfate, acetic acid and acetate solutions and in a salt-water atmosphere.

Expands range of passivity and counteracts tendency to pit.

Nickel

Stabilizes the austenitic structure.

Increases high-temperature strength; ductility, which makes stainless steel easier to form; and corrosion resistance, particularly in industrial and marine atmospheres and the chemical-, food- and textile-processing industries.

Silicon

Increases scaling resistance by forming a tight initial scale that will withstand cyclic temperature changes; also slightly increases tensile strength and hardness.

Resists carburizing at high temperatures.

When 1% or more, improves resistance to strong sulfuric acid but offers little improvement for dilution and is unfavorable in nitric-acid service.

Note: Ductility decreases as silicon content increases.




Keywords: stainless steel           

Gaoyao Haoran metal products Co. Ltd.,Monopoly Stainless Steel Tubes/Pipes Household Electric heater tube Precision welded pipe Tube For Oven Heating Seamless Stainless Steel Tube Argon arc welding tube And other business,Interested customers please contact us,Phone:4006155025

CopyRight © All Rights Reserved: Gaoyao Haoran metal products Co. Ltd. Technical Support:Chengyi Network technology co., LTD Site Map XML


Follow us